Josef Albers initially studied under Johannes Itten at the famous Staatliches Bauhaus, an arts and craft school in Germany (Weimar, Dessau and Berlin) trained artists for industry. Despite only operating from 1919 to 1933 The Bauhaus had a highly influential style.
Albers was interested in colour contrast and the impact that colours have on another. Interaction of Color focuses on colour perception and phenomena such as afterimage effects.
Homage to the Square was a series begun in the 1950s and continued until his death in 1976. Writing about the pieces Albers said ‘They all are of different palettes, and, therefore, so to speak, of different climates. Choice of the colours used, as well as their order, is aimed at an interaction – influencing and changing each other forth and back. Thus, character and feeling alter from painting to painting without any additional ‘hand writing’ or, so-called, texture. Though the underlying symmetrical and quasi-concentric order of squares remains the same in all paintings – in proportion and placement – these same squares group or single themselves, connect and separate in many different ways.’