Edinburgh Weavers was started by Alastair Morton in 1931.  He wanted to bring the work of artists into textile design, in a similar vein to Frank Pick at the London Underground and Allan Walton, launching a collection of Constructivist Fabrics early on. This spirit of joining the arts with industry was part of a movement to re-design creative education and boost the creative British economy. The company employed many now famous names such as Paul Nash (another London Underground designer), Barbara Hepworth and Terence Conran. It also featured designs by Lucienne Day and Marion Dorn.

Despite the name Edinburgh Weavers featured screen printing as well as woven fabric designs pioneering the new silk screen printing method in the 1930s which brought about a new design aesthetic in printed textiles. The ability to print large blocks of colour, create fugitive colours through layers of print inks increasing the number of colours available to the designer, dramatically changed the look of fabric printing.

Edinburgh Weavers featured prominently in the Festival of Britain after a period of closure during the Second World War. Lesley Jackson quotes Morton as saying

that a good textile was the equal of a good painting

The company is still in operation today although their designs are more traditional and less cutting edge.